Periodontal disease is a serious oral health issue that can lead to negative
side effects in your mouth and throughout the rest of your body. The best
way to avoid gum disease is to truly understand it. Keep reading to learn
about the different stages of periodontal disease and what you can do
to prevent them:
Gingivitis is the initial stage of gum disease. It happens when plaque
develops at the gum line and causes inflammation. People with gingivitis
usually notice bleeding, redness, or swelling in the gums when they brush
or floss their teeth. You should schedule an appointment with your dentist
in St. Louis as soon as possible if you notice any of these signs. Gingivitis
does not cause permanent damage, which means it is reversible, but you
have to get the proper treatment to stop it before it gets any worse.
If your gingivitis is
left untreated, it might develop into periodontitis. This more advanced stage of periodontal
disease starts to attack the bone and fibers that keep your teeth in place.
Once this damage begins, large pockets start to form beneath the gum line.
Even more food and plaque can get stuck in these pockets, which puts you
at a higher risk for more inflammation and damage. With the help of your
dentist, you can find treatment that helps you manage your periodontitis
and prevent it from getting any worse.
If you do not treat periodontitis, it will advance into the final stage
of periodontal disease, or advanced periodontitis. In this stage, the
infection completely destroys the fibers and bones that keep your teeth
in place. Without this foundation, your teeth might start to move around
or even fall out. When your teeth move, it makes it more difficult to
chew and talk. The infection in your mouth might also find its way into
your bloodstream and increase your risk of heart disease, stroke, and
other serious illnesses. Work closely with your dentist to keep your teeth
and gums healthy and free from periodontal disease.